Military Science is a program available to all undergraduate and graduate students, regardless of their college or major. The Army Reserve Officer's Training Corps (ROTC) program qualifies students for appointment as officers of the United States Army, Army Reserve or Army National Guard. Students (other than those with ROTC scholarships) attend the first two years of study without incurring any obligation to serve in the military. The regular course of study includes military science classes, which develop leadership, confidence, maturity, responsibility and dependability.
Army ROTC offers two programs: a four-year program and a two-year program, which includes additional summer training, for undergraduate or graduate students who did not previously participate in ROTC and have two years of college remaining. Those who complete either program earn a commission as an Army Second Lieutenant.
Students in the ROTC program may be granted credit for some military science courses, which can be used to fulfill general education degree requirements. ROTC courses are taken without charge.
Military Science is a course of study that is independent of an undergraduate's major or the school the student attends. The program teaches cadets the leadership skills and knowledge they will need to be commissioned as officers in the Active Army, Army Reserve, or Army National Guard. There are two types of cadets: contracted and non-contracted. With respect to time, contracted cadets often treat ROTC participation like a part-time job. Contracted cadets receive a monthly stipend of $420 for 10 months of each year. Non-contracted cadets are typically freshmen and sophomores who are enrolled in the program to see if they like it, but have no obligation. The four components of the ROTC Program are: classroom instruction, leadership labs, field training exercises, and physical fitness training.
Classes introduce cadets to military customs, courtesies, and traditions as well as military history and Army organization. Classes for freshmen and sophomore students are held once a week, while junior and senior classes are held either two or three times a week.
Leadership labs provide a performance oriented learning environment in which cadets receive practical hands on training opportunities to apply subjects from the classroom to the field. Labs are designed and supervised by ROTC instructors and administered by senior Army ROTC cadets. Leadership labs are once a week and have a duration of two hours.
Field Training Exercises
Field Training Exercises build on classroom and lab experience by offering cadets the opportunity to refine their leadership skills while leading small groups in a variety of situations and exercises. Cadets participate in one weekend field training exercise each semester. The activities vary each semester and are held at several locations throughout PA. Field Training Exercises provide cadets with opportunities to train in teams, build their confidence, and test their skills in activities such as rappelling, land navigation, Situational Training Exercises, and on the Field Leadership Reaction Course. Contracted cadets are required to attend field-training exercises and non-contracted cadets are encouraged to attend. Most cadets look forward to participating in these events.
Physical Fitness Training
Physical training and health is an integral component of cadet development. It provides juniors and seniors with an opportunity to further develop their leadership and organizational skills by planning and administering a cadet fitness program that contributes to the overall well being of each cadet. Physical conditioning is assessed with a diagnostic physical fitness test. An Army Master Fitness Trainer provides individual mentoring. As an individual responsibility, cadets are expected to exercise at times convenient to their individual schedules.
Basic Enrollment Criteria
To enroll in the program you must fulfill the following criteria:
• Full-time student with at least two years until graduation
• Cumulative GPA above 2.0
• Good physical health
• Demonstrate leadership potential
• Be a US Citizen before contracting
Cadets must be commissioned before their 31st birthday. This may be extended one month for each month of prior active military service up to the age of 34. In exceptional cases, age may be waived up to age of 35. Some special situation waivers are possible.
Open to all freshmen and sophomore students without obligation. Three and four year scholarships of up to $20,000 per year are available to qualified Basic Course students, who then incur a mandatory service obligation. All Classroom instruction is supplemented with practical exercises, which place cadets in positions of progressively increasing responsibility.
MILS 104- Leadership and Personal Development (1 credit)
This is an introductory course open to all students without obligation. It focuses on the military as a profession and examines its organization, ethics and values. The course explores the responsibilities and impact of leadership and the rules, customs and traditions of military service. Students are introduced to the fundamentals of land navigation, physical fitness, drill and ceremonies, first aid and public speaking.
MILS 105- Introduction to Tactical Leadership (1 credit)
Open to all students without obligation. The course explores leadership principles, decision-making and team building. Students are introduced to tactical systems and the field environment. Students learn advanced techniques in land navigation, terrain association, and first aid. Students also begin their program in professional military reading.
MILS 204 – Innovative Team Leadership (1 credit)
Open to all students without obligation. The course continues the basic leader development process and focuses on applying the fundamentals of leadership and team-building skills. Students gain an understanding of small team dynamics and the roles and responsibilities of junior leaders. It further reinforces the ideals of service, ethics and values, and develops students' confidence in their own skills, knowledge and attributes.
MILS 205 – Foundations of Tactical Leadership (1 credit)
Open to all students without obligation. The course continues the application of leadership and team-building principles. Proficiency in individual skills and leadership abilities is assessed during situational training to evaluate students in leadership roles. Advanced techniques in problem analysis,, planning and organizing, delegation, interpersonal skills, sound decision making, and small team operations are emphasized.
Open to all qualified juniors and seniors who have contracted with ROTC. Classroom instruction is supplemented with practical application during leadership laboratories and field training exercises. These place the students in leadership positions of progressively increasing responsibility and introduce command and staff procedures.
MILS 304 – Adaptive Tactical Leadership (3 credits)
Expands and refines the leader development process. This is an intensive program to prepare cadets for tasks, skills and responsibilities associated with Leader Development and Assessment Course (LDAC). Cadets are trained and evaluated on the full range of leadership skills and attributes. Written and oral communication skills, motivational behavior, interpersonal skills, administrative procedures, decision-making and military field skills are emphasized. Prerequisite: MILS 205
MILS 305 – Leadership in Changing Environments (3 credits)
Expands on the skills introduced in MILS 304 and incorporates increasingly challenging situations involving military technical, tactical and leadership skills. Advanced training in marksmanship and physical fitness is emphasized. Course culminates with several field training exercises where students are placed in simulated combat and evaluated on performance. Course is designed to bring cadets to peak proficiency in physical conditioning and leadership ability. Prerequisite: MILS 304
MILS 404 – Developing Adaptive Leaders (3 credits)
Refines military skills and knowledge to the precommissioning level. Senior students assume leadership roles as cadet commanders, staff officers, or staff assistants responsible for the planning, coordination and execution of all cadet training and operations. Training focuses on Army legal, administrative, and logistical systems and training methodologies. It reinforces individual competencies and maximizes opportunities for practical application of leadership skills. Prerequisite: MILS 305
MILS 405 – Leadership in a Complex World (3 credits)
Culminates the leader development process at the precommissioning level. Designed to prepare cadets for transition from cadet to Second Lieutenant. Instruction seeks to expand the frame of reference. Cadets examine ethical and legal issues related to being an officer and continue to improve their leader and decision-making skills. Several practical exercises and field training events supplement classroom instruction.Prerequisite: MILS 404
All Courses - Leadership Laboratory
Provides practical experience within the setting of a military organization to develop discipline and team work. The course provides opportunities to apply learned leadership principles and to plan, instruct and practice military skills such as drill and ceremonies, marksmanship, communications and physical fitness. Students in the Basic Course are organized into squads and platoons under the supervision of Advanced Course cadets. Senior cadets are responsible for basic course training and logistics. and function as officers within the cadet battalion. Cadets who will attend ROTC National Advanced Leadership Camp are provided with an intensive program of military and leadership skills enhancement and assessment under cadre direction.